Marginal pond plants for dragonflies

Marginal pond plants for dragonflies

Dragonfly and damselfly larvae can be seen climbing out of ponds using the tall stems of emergent marginal plants like Iris, Typha or Pontederia species - especially if you can watch in the early morning or late evening.

The larvae will climb up the stems and grip tightly before pushing a slit down the back of its outer casing so that it can push its way free to begin the process of hardening its legs and body and inflating the veins in its wings in preparation for flight. They will leave their empty casings abandoned on the plants.

Within hours you can see the adults flit and fly above the water and within days they could be searching for a mate. The adult stage is usually the shortest in the life-cycle and rarely lasts for more than a few weeks.

Later in the month you may be lucky enough to watch the female deposit her eggs back into the pond by stretching her ovipositor down under the water surface into the plants or into the mud in the margins of the pond.

See all our photos of the lifecycle stages of dragon or damselflies on our Tips and Advice page.

Cameras at the ready!