Choose a site to build your garden pond

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Is your new garden pond for fish, wildlife aquatic plants or as a focal point?

How to site & choose the style of your garden pond:

If you want to build a garden pond in your garden start by thinking about:

  • Why you want a pond in your garden will influence the style of your pond and its position within the garden
  • A fish pond is likely to be a more formal shaped pond, possibly raised up not dug down, and nearer the house.
  • A wildlife pond will be a more informal shape and further down the garden in a quiet area
  • Swimming ponds allow you to join the wildlife in the water habitat you have created.

Considerations when about to build a pond:

1. Safety

  • A raised pond may be safer for children.
  • You can purchase an ornate pond cover made in steel that will allow plants to grow underneath it. See Creative pond covers
  • It will give an edge for an elderly person to sit on when working on the pond.

2. Electricity

  • For pumps, filters, waterfalls or fountains.
  • Employ a registered electrician and lay the electric cable early in the dig.

3. Avoid underground services

  • Sewers, pipes, cables! Find their route first.

4. Shade

  • The garden pond should not be in the shade from trees to avoid leaf fall into the water.
  • Choose a spot in the garden with about 6 hours sunshine a day if you want waterlilies and Iris to flower.
  • Siting a garden pond in part shade from a building allows the water to remain cooler and the pond will be less likely to have algae bloom.
  • A shaded pond is planted with foliage interest plants - structural shaped foliage and seed heads and some flowering plants.

Then think about the detail of pond design including your pond size and shape.