Choose a site to build a wildlife pond where the creatures will feel secure.
Siting the wildlife pond:
- Build a wildlife pond in a secluded part of the garden.
- Try not to place your wildlife pond under trees. Falling leaves will give you a maintenance problem in Autumn.
- Surround it on one or more sides by planting from a moist habitat, bog garden or hedgerow to give the amphibians cover and protection from birds and other predators
- Wildlife will make numerous journeys in and out of the water in a season so plantings of uncut foliage will link these areas together.
- Patios, tarmac drives, fences all divide up nature and make wildlife journeys more hazardous. Avoid placing the pond near these.
- Leave gaps under fencing between properties to allow wildlife to wander naturally.
- Amphibians return to the pond water to mate and lay eggs after winter hibernation in wood piles or under garden buildings.
Build a wildlife pond with different depths of shelving:
- Build a wildlife pond 45 - 60cm (18" - 2' ) deep - shelf
- Construct planting shelves at different depths - 15cm (6") for shelf and 30cm (12") for shelf plants.
- Make the planting shelves as wide as possible and curved differently to the outline of the pond's outer edge.
- Do not build a thin rim of shelves 6" wide evenly around a larger surface area of deep water as this will be unbalanced when you come to plant.
- Have one half of the pond surface area as different width shelf planting areas with most as a 6" deep shelf
- Dig one half to the deepest water depth which can be offset from the centre of the pond.
- Place the pond plants on the marginal planting shelves in the baskets they are delivered to you in by us.
- Pond wildlife will use plant baskets as 'stepping stones' to climb out.
- Give easy access for certain wildlife in and out - create some sloping sides up from the flat level of the first shelf.
- Cover with cobbles and rafting plants to create hiding areas.
- Use pond plants that enjoy water at their roots but not much water over their crowns on that sloping area to give habitat cover
- Choose Anemopsis californica, Mentha aquatica, Veronica beccabunga.
- Build a loose pile of stones or rocks near/on a shallow stony beach where creatures can quickly find shelter.
- Surround with plants of either or in a prepared area of moist soil or wet mud.
For more details on plant selection for wildlife ponds or see the next section