Submerged plants under the water:
- 2 bunches or 9cm basket of submerged oxygenators per m² of surface area, but less the larger the pond size, aiming for 30% of the volume in time.
- Necessary for pond health and submerged cover for wildlife.
Surface cover and rafting plants:
- 60% of your water surface area covered by plants – either waterlily or Aponogeton distachyos.
- Look at the ultimate spread of each category of waterlily to find the most suitable for your size of pond.
- Supplement waterlily and surface cover spread using horizontally growing rafting plants
Emergent marginal pond shelf plants:
- Choose emergent pond plants for the shelf areas at a rate of 1×1 litre basket per linear foot of shelf space.
- The wider the shelf the more space for plants and the more natural the finished look when you group the plant baskets in clusters.
- For a larger pond buy 3 of a kind of each plant and a contour mesh basket and put all 3 in the contour together. Fill the remaining space with gravel and you have an instant clump effect and weight at the base to help keep tall plants upright. See the Tips and Advice page.
Our planting schemes provide a ‘one click solution’ to creating a a balanced wildlife habitat.
- We put together a combination of plants to suit your pond size and can tailor this to ‘Mainly British Native plants’, ‘British Native only’ or a selection from ‘Any plant on the website’.
- This provides oxygenating plants, decorative marginal plants for the different depth shelf areas and a surface cover plant for the deeper section (in Planting Scheme Sizes 2-5).
- Both rafting plants for spawning and emergent uprights for attracting airborne pollinators are included.
- A Planting scheme would spread the interest across the seasons.
Pond plant scale and size?
Some marginal plants are more suited to garden wildlife ponds, others to larger lake situations.
Be careful if you are choosing your own plants. ie. Typha latifolia is a vigorous rafting plant but Typha minima is a smaller clumping variety.
The same is true for Iris. The Native is the Yellow Flag Iris – Iris pseudacorus which can grow to 5ft tall and spreads quickly into a solid clump. Ideal for a large pond or a lake. Iris versicolor and louisiana are 2ft 6″ in height with a slower growth rate that fit more in scale with garden ponds. The choice of colours then include blues, purples, whites and black.