Choose a site to build a wildlife pond where the creatures will feel secure.
Siting the wildlife pond:
- Place a wildlife pond in a secluded part of the garden.
- Try not to place your wildlife pond under trees as the falling leaves will give you a maintenance problem in Autumn.
- Patios, tarmac drives, fences all divide up the natural garden and make wildlife journeys more hazardous so avoid placing the pond near these.
- Leave gaps under fencing between properties to allow wildlife to wander naturally.
Build a pond profile with different depths of shelving:
- The pond should be built to a depth of no more than 45 – 60cm (18″ – 2′ ) – shelf
- Plant shelves at different depths – 13cm (5″) for main shelf and 22cm (9″) for shelf plants.
- Do not build a thin rim of shelves 6″ wide evenly around a larger surface area of deep water as this will be unbalanced when you come to plant.
- Dig one half to the deepest water depth which can be offset from the centre of the pond.
- Place the pond plants on the shelves in their baskets and the pond wildlife will use these as ‘stepping stones’ to climb out.
- Your pond should have easy access for wildlife so create sloping sided areas away from the flat level of the first shelf.
- In between the cobbles covering this sloping area use shelf pond plants that enjoy water at their roots to give habitat cover.
- Make piles of stones or rocks near/on a shallow stony beach where creatures can quickly find shelter.
For more details on plant selection for your wildlife pond see the next section or click here