Pond plant flowers can provide pollen and nectar for insect pollinators.
Pond plant flowers can help sustain many British insect pollinators – butterflies, moths, hoverflies, wasps and bees.
Flowers can offer sources of nectar and pollen – insects need nectar as an energy source and pollen grains contain proteins and oils. All insect visitors attracted to a flower as a food source will also be able to transfer pollen on its body to another flower of the same plant and complete the pollination process leading to fertilization and the production of seeds or fruit.
Aim to have plants whose flowers are attractive to pollinating insects in bloom from Spring to Autumn.
Avoid double flowers as they will be lacking in nectar and pollen and insects will also have difficulty gaining access to them.
The following list of British Native pond plants have flowers ‘Perfect for Pollinators’ (RHS)
Non Native pond plant flowers that are also ‘Perfect for Pollinators’
Plants for moist and boggy areas that are ‘Perfect for Pollinators’
In addition to their food requirements, pollinating insects need the right sort of habitats to complete their life cycle. Bees in particular need suitable places to make their nests, which may be below ground, in dense vegetation on the surface, or in holes in logs, plant stems, walls. Pollinating flies rely on pools, ditches, damp soil and animal dung for their larval development.
Examples of various insect pollinators on Butomus umbellatus:
Examples of various insect pollinators on assorted wet and moist plants: