Types of water plant

Planting your pond 1   2   3   4   5   6  

Planting in water is different:

  • a pond has different depths of water - each depth grows a different type of water plant
  • depth of water for each plant group is vital
  • use of aquatic compost
  • use of mesh baskets

1. Submerged plants:

  • Totally submerged below the water surface in deep water.
  • Have few support cells in their stems or leaves as they float in the water.
  • If removed from water they will hang limply and will wilt very quickly.
  • All stem and leaf surfaces need to be kept damp or wet.
  • Leaves are highly divided and able to absorb water, nutrients and dissolved gases.
  • Drop oxygenating plants into the pond either with or without a lead strip to bunch them dependent on the species of the plant. (Drop into water just as they are sent out by us)
  • Do not plant in a basket as they float freely in the water, moving up and down according to the water temperature.
  • Each variety can be out of stock at times due to the seasons.

 2. Floating leaved plants:

  • Place waterlilies & Water Hawthorn deep in the pond and the leaves will grow to float on the surface.
  • Waterlilies and Water Hawthorn 'breathe' through the pores on the top surface of the leaf. Do not place under constantly splashing water (it blocks their noses!).
  • Waterlilies grow from the deep water and hold the leaf on the surface via stems with hollow tubes enabling air transfer necessary for the roots of the plant.
  • Frogbit & Water Soldier are free floating.
  • Cover 50% surface water with leaf growth so that the water temperature remains cool for fish and wildlife.
  • Shade created by these leaves also helps reduce algae growth.
  • Flowers are an added bonus.

3. Marginal Shelf plants:

  • Grow from below water level with stem, leaves and flowers showing on or above the water.
  • Place the rooted baskets on a shelf of a pond with a man-made liner or plant in the edge of a clay pond.
  • Shelf plants use nutrients to put on growth and flower at different times of the season
  • Create a visual interest and the wildlife habitat of the pond.

2 types of shelf plants:

  • Emergents or uprights - stems and flowers held well above water level. Sent in 11cm baskets.
  • Rafting plants - horizontal growth that grows away from the basket & rafts across the water surface. Sent in 9cm baskets.
  •  Planting in water - each type of water plant likes a certain depth of water above their basket and getting this right for each species will be crucial for their survival and success.

 Combine all 3 of these water plant types to make a successful and balanced pond.